It is a specific term in biomedical research. They are natural or legal persons. For institutional research, they can be CHRU, INSERM, CNRS, etc. For non-institutional research, they usually are industries or private laboratories. The sponsor plays a major role in biomedical research:
  • They take the initiative to conduct an investigation
  • They manages it – they make sure that GCP are respected, as well as legal requirements, etc. (quality system) – they subscribe to an insurance – they are the contact person with the competent authority ANSM and CPP – they monitor the studies – they archive the documents (archiving period: 15 years)
  • They make sure that the investigation is financed